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As Canada’s national housing agency, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) has been providing Canadians – including new Canadians like you – with information and tools to help you make informed homeownership decisions.
Canada’s population growth is becoming increasingly reliant upon immigration. In the 2006 Census, close to six million Canadians identified themselves as immigrants, representing about 20 per cent of the entire Canadian population.
To help new Canadians make informed housing-related decisions and find safe, affordable homes for their families, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation has developed a multi-language one-stop online source for housing-related information. Visit CMHC at www.cmhc.ca/newcomers.
CMHC wants to provide newcomers to Canada with relevant and culturally appropriate housing-related information. A wealth of information is available for newcomers in both official languages – English and French – as well as in Mandarin/Simplified Chinese, Arabic, Punjabi, Spanish, Tagalog and Urdu.
This housing-related information is divided into three areas to make things simpler: Renting an apartment – for most newcomers, your first home will likely be a rented house or apartment. Renting a home should provide you with a safe place where you can begin to adjust to your new life in Canada. It can also give you the time to look for a home to buy without feeling pressured into making a quick decision; Buying a home – CMHC has created a series of guides and tools that take you through the home buying process; and Looking after your home – which will help guide you on how to take care of your home and prevent problems before they happen. Don’t forget to also check out the videos on buying, renting and renovating a home.
For more information or for FREE information on other aspects of renting, buying and renovating a home in Canada, visit www.cmhc.ca/newcomers. For 65 years, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation has been Canada’s national housing agency and a source of objective, reliable housing expertise.
CMHC Media Relations – National Office
VANCOUVER – The Federal Government recently announced that it is increasing the number of immigrants to be admitted under the Provincial Nominee Program.
The survey found that 58 per cent of Chinese and South Asian immigrants who responded named emotional preparedness as the key for newcomers adjusting to life in Canada.
A big part of that mental preparation is also the key for meeting financial challenges that can await immigrants, according to one recent arrival.
“When anybody comes here, I think the requirement is that they must have $15,000 for immediate expenses,” said Ash Ghose, who came from India in 2004 and works in insurance at RBC (TSX:RY) in Toronto.
“The first two or three months are fine, but if you do not have any source of income coming in after four or five months then the panic sets in.”
Ghose, who trained as a mechanical engineer but notes that “all my life I have been a salesperson,” said he sold off everything he owned in India and came over with two suitcases and some paintings.
“I built everything from scratch here, but that is something one has to be mentally prepared for.”
The RBC poll also found that 47 per cent of immigrants surveyed conducted online research to understand more about life in Canada.
Judy Sillito of the Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers said any research that can be done before arriving is helpful, but added that immigrants need an “openness to the unknown.” She also said immigrants aren’t always prepared for the sticker shock of living in Canada.
“They get here and find out it’s not so easy to make a lot of money and have enough to live on, much less send a lot home,” said Sillito.
“There’s absolutely no way to explain that to someone who hasn’t been in Canada.”
She said another surprise for immigrants is finding out how much time new Canadians can spend at work.
“When you come to a new country and you have to work and day job and a night job and do weekend work, it really takes a toll on the family,” said Sillito, whose organization serves 10,000 immigrants a year.
Mikal Skuterud of the University of Waterloo said immigrants tend to be older and much more educated than Canadian-born workers, but they often have to take jobs that pay less than their education would imply they should earn.
“Their unemployment rates are not that different from Canadian-born workers,” said Skuterud, assistant professor in the university’s department of economics.
“They do get jobs and they get jobs quite quickly but they’re not very good jobs. They’re what immigrants refer to as ‘survival jobs.’ They appear to get stuck in these jobs. They have a very low propensity to move out of these jobs and get into the track or career they were trained for.”
Statistics Canada’s 2006 census found that a recent male immigrant with a university degree earned $30,332 yearly, versus $44,545 for a Canadian-born man with a degree.
Nick Noorani, a motivational speaker and consultant who helps immigrants integrate, said it’s essential to have the proper language skills, especially on the job. If you’re an immigrant and a sales manager, you need to have the same language skills as a Canadian-born sales manager, he said.
Immigrants need to consider what other skills they have to find work, he said, adding his background was in advertising but he turned to publishing when he came to Canada.
“You need to have a Plan B,” said Noorani, chief executive of Destination Canada Information Inc.
“When we come here as immigrants we are so focused on, ‘This is what I used to do and I want to continue doing only that.’ That leads to a problem.”
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Image via WikipediaCanadian doctors now have their largest, most comprehensive reference guide yet to use in treating immigrants and refugees.
Compiled from global data, the 100-page report published Monday by the Canadian Medical Association Journal is the first of its kind and synthesizes results from 150 investigators.
The guidebook highlights medical problems that are common among immigrants and refugees but can easily get overlooked because they’re not typical in the wider Canadian population.
Dr. Kevin Pottie of the University of Ottawa, and founding director of the Immigrant Health Clinic of Ottawa, co-authored the report that recommends migrants visit a doctor more than once a year. (CBC) “Immigrants are coming from 150 countries,” notes Dr. Kevin Pottie of the University of Ottawa, who co-authored the guidelines. “Some of them come as refugees, some under family class. So, there’s a large diversity of needs and potential preventable and treatable illnesses [that] the average family doctor just isn’t thinking about.”
Pottie hopes to develop an international set of guidelines in terms of treating migrants.
“We need to see health as a human right, and small interventions are all that’s needed for all immigrants,” Pottie said in an interview with CBC News.
The guide, titled Evidence-based Clinical Guidelines for Immigrants and Refugees, instructs physicians on how to deal with the kind of health risks faced by the 357,000 annual migrants to Canada, including refugees, international students and migrant workers.
It says the post-arrival “healthy immigrant effect” is declining and recommends that doctors get their migrant patients to visit them more than once a year.
Specifically, certain immigrant groups suffer from higher incidences of some diseases compared with people born in Canada: Southeast Asians from stroke, Caribbeans from diabetes and all immigrant men from liver cancer.
Also, the report says many immigrants are susceptible to diseases that are often preventable through vaccines:
- 30 to 50 per cent are susceptible to tetanus.
- 32 to 54 per cent are susceptible to measles, mumps or rubella.
- A significant number come from countries with chronic hepatitis B infections.
The guidelines recommend that:
- All adults without immunization records be vaccinated against measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus and polio.
- Adults and children from countries with chronic hepatitis B be screened and vaccinated.
- Adolescents and adults from places where HIV is prevalent (i.e. greater than one per cent of the population) should be screened, with informed consent.
- All immigrants greater than 35 years of age from areas of the world at high risk, which includes South Asia, Latin America and Africa, be screened for for Type 2 diabetes
- All women of reproductive age and children aged one to four should be screened for iron-deficiency anemia.
- All migrants should be checked for dental pain.
A time-saver for treatment
Pottie said the guidebook can be an effective tool for time-saving and inexpensive treatment. He cites the presence of intestinal parasites in some migrants. He said most doctors would probably find, on average, 12 parasites, and most doctors wouldn’t know which ones to treat.
“We’ve discovered, through a detailed look at evidence, that virtually all these parasites will go away except for two: strongyloides and schistosoma, which are particular to Asia and Africa. So we’re able to refine it to a simple blood test.”
Dr. Meb Rashid runs a clinic inside a refugee centre in downtown Toronto, A family physician for 17 years, Rashid has worked mostly with refugees and immigrants for the past eight years. He applauds the guidebook, which will help doctors intervene faster when it comes to possible illnesses in their migrant patients.
“There are physicians in rural Canada who may be just starting to see some of these diseases, and I think these guidelines will be immensely helpful to those people,” Rashid told CBC News. “It’s well-organized and easy to reference.”
Refugees at higher risk
The guidelines say it’s important to distinguish whether a person came to Canada through voluntary or forced migration, as those who have been displaced against their will face the most significant health risks.
They say refugees have experienced “past exposure to harmful living conditions, violence and trauma,” and note that many experience a rapid decline in health after arriving in Canada and need more care and attention to their medical needs.
New guidelines say it’s important to find out whether a migrant to Canada has been forced to leave their homeland. Refugees suffer from more health problems. (CBC) Refugees, of which Canada takes in 28,000 a year, are especially vulnerable to depression and other anxiety disorders, the guidelines say. The report recommends physicians use “culture brokers,” and not anyone related to the refugee, to help with treatment and to monitor progress and address the social causes of the depression. It proposes “empathy, reassurance and advocacy” and cautions against pushing for “disclosure of traumatic events,” which causes more harm than good.
The guidelines include a section on AIDS. It warns that while many HIV-positive migrants may already be aware of their status, they may not be knowledgeable about treatments.
The report warns that migrants may come from countries where there is a strong stigma against HIV-positive people. It counsels health professionals to inform patients of the “risks and benefits of treatment in a culturally and linguistically appropriate manner.”
Tread carefully on condom issue: guidelines
On women’s health, the guidelines say “culturally sensitive” contraceptive counselling should be offered to women who are or could be sexually active, and they should be given a choice as to what method they want to use. The guidebook underlines that condoms are often taboo in some cultures and seen as an indication of promiscuity, infidelity or having a sexually transmitted infection, so there needs to be careful explanation about their use.
As well, it says that females between ages nine and 26 years should be vaccinated against the human papillomavirus, or HPV.
Migrant and refugee women are also at greater of risk of violence from their husbands and complications connected to their pregnancies, including sexually transmitted infections, chronic pelvic infections, reproductive tract trauma and psychological trauma, the guide says.
It says doctors should be aware the women may be reluctant to talk about their health problems and also unaware of their rights and of the medical services available to them.