- Level of education;
- Area of training;
- French and/or English language skills;
- Work experience;
- Relationships to Quebec residents;
- Ability to be financially self-sufficient; and
- An offer of employment, if applicable.
by Priya Ramanujam (@SincerelyPriya) in Toronto
Only eight per cent of the jobs in Canada are advertised. An astounding 76 per cent of the jobs are hidden or created. New Canadians packed into a Metro Toronto Convention Centre conference room to gain this type of insight about the Canadian job market from human resources professional, Sujay Vardhmane.
Vardhmane’s presentation, Winning Ways – The Formula to Your Job Search Success, is just one of nine interactive speaker sessions part of a free, day-long Career, Education & Settlement Fair presented by Canadian Immigrant Magazine in partnership with Scotiabank and Centennial College. The annual fair, which also includes a trade show, resume clinic and speed mentoring sessions, is in its fourth year. Gautam Sharma, Publisher of Canadian Immigrant, says its goal is to provide real advice to newcomers. “The idea was to have a very sort of holistic opportunity for everyone to listen to,” he says.
Vardhmane’s main message during an hour-long presentation is that sitting behind a computer sending resumes all day long will rarely lead to securing a job. He gives newcomers a challenge: for six months, give yourselves points for every job-related action they take – 500 for an interview, 250 for an information meeting, 100 for making a phone call and 50 for applying for a job via the internet. If someone achieves 3,000 or more points weekly for six months he is confident they will land their ideal job.
But many of the attendees, who face barriers such as not knowing the language, not knowing anyone in Canada, and not having any Canadian work experience, may find his challenge daunting. Having immigrated to Canada in 2002 from India himself, Vardhmane can empathize with these struggles.
“[New Canadians often] develop a very negative mindset very early on that I’m a loser, I’m a victim and everyone is treating me badly,” he explains. “What you may find surprising is this, every person at every stage in life has challenges in a job search, I could be a white male who is 45, I will have some challenges in my job search, I could be a 60-year-old, I could be a 20-year-old I could be having challenges, whether I’m born here or not born here. But what tends to happen is we tend to look at it this way, I’m new in this country and I’m being penalized because of that.”
During his workshop, Vardhmane shares that he has never been hired in Canada for a job that he has applied to in the traditional way of e-mailing a resume and cover letter. Rather, the opportunities that have come his way (he is also a part-time professor at Centennial, Seneca and George Brown colleges and the University of Toronto), have been because of relationships he’s built over time and networking.
“I think listening to people and positioning myself professionally with people [is why] people were willing to help me,” he shares, reminiscing about his early days in Canada. “Consistency of behaviour is very critical for people to be comfortable to refer you.”
Networking was stressed throughout the day as the number one most important thing newcomers must do to achieve whatever success they are pursuing. Corporate trainer, career specialist and workplace coach, Colleen Clarke, emphasizes this in her workshop, Networking How To Build Relationships That Count. She says newcomers should start the process even before they set foot on Canadian soil.
“I had a client a few years ago, he’s become a huge success here. Before he came to Canada – he knew he was immigrating here – we worked together long distance,” she shares. “He came here with the names of 20 people to contact of people back in Mumbai who knew people in Toronto. So when he came to Toronto he already had 20 phone numbers from the people in Mumbai who had family or relatives here.”
Upon arriving in Canada, continue connecting with the people who you know from your day-to-day life, she adds. “Try to start with people that you know. Your bank teller, your hair dresser, the people within your own ethnic community, your children go to school, you must know some of the parents of the children.”
She closes by reminding attendees that it isn’t the first person they network with that will give them a job, but by building strong, positive relationships with several people, through the ideology of “six degrees of separation” where someone knows someone who knows someone, job referrals can and will happen.
This content was developed exclusively for New Canadian Media and can be freely re-published, with appropriate attribution, please.
by Patricia Rimok in Montreal
Immigration Business Network ib2ib applauds the findings of a recent study done by the Conference Board of Canada that clearly shows immigrant entrepreneurs advance Canada’s export agenda outside of the U.S. more than non-immigrant Canadian Small and Medium Enterprises, SME’s. This is very important given the sluggish Canada-U.S. trade since the financial crisis began in 2007 which has pushed many Canadian SME’s to venture elsewhere to export their goods and the government to redouble its efforts to pursue free-trade deals, bilateral tax treaties and foreign investment protection agreements with fast-growing economies.
So why hasn’t Canada been more successful in leveraging its diverse immigration to increase its exports outside of the U.S.?
The main reasons brought forward by the Conference Board study are that immigrant-owned businesses exporting to non-U.S. markets are less operationally efficient, more likely to compete on price than innovation and product novelty, and represent limited long-term export potential especially the ones that are in the wholesale-retail trade sector.
We need, however, to be careful with some of these observations, especially given that the immigrant-owned businesses surveyed were established in Canada for only five years and have yet to be as sufficiently familiar with Canadian legal, fiscal, legislative and financing frameworks or have had the time to develop strong local business networks that they can leverage as non-immigrant based Canadian SME’s can. In fact, these same limitations have also been the primary reasons why more than half of the immigrant entrepreneurs and investors that came through the defunct immigrant entrepreneur and investor programs have left the country after five years with their capital.
Had we also included immigrant-owned businesses established for over 10 years in the Conference Board survey as a control group to measure and compare long-term impacts in the various business sectors studied, we may not have arrived at the same observations and conclusions. For example, wholesale and retail chains like Aldo, Point Zero, Peerless, Mep and countless others are immigrant-owned success stories that exist today which started in similar conditions, and yet, have been able to grow, export, diversify, innovate and employ thousands of people.
In New Brunswick, for instance, the retail and wholesale trade sector is very important and experienced significant growth despite the fact that it is not associated to a high-growth or innovative sector. GDP associated to that sector was $2.6 Billion in 2010, up from $1.9 Billion in 2000 and projected to increase to $3.7 Billion in 2020. In 2011, out of 57,400 people associated to that sector, 53 800 were employed.
A longitudinal case study in 2009 in Spain (Peri and Requena), which measured the export-creating effects of immigrants from 1998 to 2008, was able to conclude that a rise in immigration to Spain from 1% to 10% in that period increased trade from 35% to 44% of Spanish GDP and the number of exporting firms grew from 58,000 to 100,000 over the same period. Both research economists also found that doubling the number of immigrants from a certain country in a Province led to an increase of the export values from the destination province to the country of the immigrant’s origin by around 10% thanks to their differentiated culture and goods, diaspora business and social connections which increase the diffusion of information and reduce the costs of doing business with their country of origin.
Using similar principles and closer to home, thanks to the contacts in China of a Chinese-Canadian immigrant entrepreneur and member of our network, Immigration Business Network ib2ib was able to secure for a Quebec-based clean-tech waste management company over $3 billion of financing to build 23 plants across Canada and create 1,500 permanent jobs. Wait, there is more! Now China wants the same plants built in their country and Brazil, United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) and others have expressed an interest to do the same. How is that for leveraging both Canadian imports and exports thanks to our immigration!
We need to continue this conversation with more Canadian immigrant-owned businesses that export as well as increase the connectivity and engagement of local Canadian SME’s with business immigrant and diaspora networks which bring foreign direct investment to Canada. The federal government has a great opportunity to continue improving on its more recent trade policies by incorporating them to their soon-to-be-released new immigrant entrepreneur and investor programs.
Patricia Rimok is President of the Montreal-based Immigration Business Network ib2ib Inc.
This content was developed exclusively for New Canadian Media and can be freely re-published, with appropriate attribution, please.
Applications per eligible occupation:
(by National Occupational Classification [NOC] code)
|Number of complete applications counted towards the 1,000 sub-cap|
|0013 Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services||3|
|0015 Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.||–|
|0111 Financial managers||19|
|0112 Human resources managers||3|
|0113 Purchasing managers||3|
|0121 Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers||1|
|0311 Managers in health care||1|
|0711 Construction managers||2|
|0712 Home building and renovation managers||–|
|0811 Managers in natural resources production and fishing||–|
|0911 Manufacturing managers||1|
|1111 Financial auditors and accountants||17|
|1112 Financial and investment analysts||120|
|1113 Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers||–|
|1114 Other financial officers||3|
|1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations||4|
|1212 Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers||1|
|1224 Property administrators||–|
|2113 Geoscientists and oceanographers||2|
|2131 Civil engineers||20|
|2132 Mechanical engineers||34|
|2133 Electrical and electronics engineers||11|
|2145 Petroleum engineers||–|
|2171 Information systems analysts and consultants||28|
|2172 Database analysts and data administrators||4|
|2173 Software engineers and designers||54|
|2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers||130|
|2232 Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians||–|
|2234 Construction estimators||1|
|2241 Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians||2|
|2243 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics||2|
|2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety||2|
|2281 Computer network technicians||23|
|3011 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors||–|
|3012 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses||7|
|3111 Specialist physicians||–|
|3112 General practitioners and family physicians||–|
|3132 Dietitians and nutritionists||–|
|3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists||1|
|3143 Occupational Therapists||1|
|3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists||–|
|3215 Medical Radiation Technologists||–|
|3216 Medical Sonographers||–|
|3233 Licensed practical nurses||–|
|3234 Paramedical occupations||–|
|4011 University professors and lecturers||4|
|4214 Early childhood educators and assistants||–|
|5125 Translators, terminologists and interpreters||–|
Applications in the PhD stream:
Quebec immigration remains open to a wide range of applicants. In fact, immigrating to Quebec is a popular route to achieve Canadian Permanent Residency. With the goal of reducing processing times for applications, the Government of Quebec has introduced a number of changes to Quebec immigration programs in recent months. Permanent workers, investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed workers looking to apply for a Quebec Selection Certificate should take note; spots are filling up quickly. Here is an overview of where these various programs stand today:
Quebec Skilled Worker Program
As of July 4th, the Quebec Skilled Worker (QSW) program has received over 4,400 applications out of a maximum intake cap of 6,500. This means that the program’s application cap, which was put in place on April 1, 2014, is now approximately two-thirds full.
Prospective immigrants applying to the QSW program must intend to live and work in Quebec. Applicants must, at a minimum, possess a diploma that corresponds to a Secondary School Diploma or a Diploma of Vocational Studies in the Québec education system.
Points are also awarded to applicants for a number of factors, including:
Moving Forward: Expression of Interest system
The Government of Quebec has hinted that, in 2015, it will follow the lead of the Federal Government in transitioning to an ‘Expression of Interest’ immigration system.
The Expression of Interest model is designed to better target skilled immigrants and fill identifiable gaps in the labour market. It screens applicants based on aspects such as work experience, education, and language ability. The government then invites the best-suited applicants to apply for immigration through one of its programs.
If the Government of Quebec transitions to this system next year, it will signal the end of the current QSW selection system. This means that this is the last chance for applicants to apply directly to the QSW program.
“As the program stands today, applicants have until March 31st 2015 to apply, or until the cap is filled,” said Attorney David Cohen. “It is looking more and more likely that the cap will fill well before March. This means that, for many individuals interested in immigrating through this popular program, time is absolutely of the essence.”
Quebec Investor Program
The Quebec Investor Program also has a cap, which is the same as last year. No more than 1,750 applications will be accepted for review under this program. Moreover, no more than 1,200 applicants will be accepted from any one country.
Applications to this program will only be received during a short window of time, which has yet to be determined. While the official government website maintains that the program will be accepting applications between September 8th and 19th, the Quebec 2014 budget, which was adopted in June, indicated that these dates are likely to be changed. In any case, now is the time for applicants to begin putting his or her files together.
It is important to note that there is no cap for investors who are able to communicate in French at a high-intermediate level or higher. This means they can apply between now and March 31st 2015 regardless of how many other applications are received.
To qualify for the Quebec Investor category, investors must intend to reside in Quebec. They must also have a net worth of at least C$1.6 million and have a minimum of two years experience in management during the last five years. Lastly, investors have to agree to invest at least C$800,000 through a government approved financial intermediary.
Entrepreneurs and Self-Employed Workers
Like the QSW program, the Entrepreneur and Self-Employed Worker programs are quickly filling up. Over 300 applications have been accepted for review out of a maximum of 500 for the two programs combined.
To be eligible for the Entrepreneur program, among other things, an applicant must have net assets of at least C$300,000, and have a minimum of two years’ experience in the last five years running a lawful, profitable, business.
The eligibility requirements for the Self-Employed Worker program include having a net worth of C$100,000, and having at least two years of experience as a self-employed worker in the field the individual plans to practice in Québec.
Quebec Experience Class
Another option for immigration to Quebec is the Quebec Experience Class, which has no cap. This program is open to temporary workers who have held a skilled job in Quebec for 12 out of the last 24 months as well as graduates of Quebec universities or those nearing graduation. This program also requires knowledge of French.
On June 20, 2014 the Government of Canada announced major changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). These changes have significant repercussions for Canadian employers across the country as well as current and future foreign workers.
Many of these changes also have a significant impact on how foreign workers obtain their work permits, as well as what will happen during and after arrival in Canada. This issue will explore in detail the most important changes and what they mean for current and future foreign workers in Canada.
Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs)
In most cases, Canadian employers need to obtain government approval before hiring a foreign worker. This approval comes in the form of a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), formerly known as a Labour Market Opinion (LMO).
In the eyes of the government, the responsibility for securing an LMIA rests solely with the employer in Canada. The LMIA process assesses whether the employer is eligible to hire from abroad.
Temporary foreign workers should be aware that employers in need of an LMIA will face increased restrictions, more in-depth requirements, and enhanced inspections and punishment if they do not follow the rules. According to Attorney David Cohen, these new measures may make some employers more reluctant to hire some foreign workers.
“If you are a foreign worker who has received a job offer in Canada, especially from a small or medium sized employer, you should be prepared for the employer to possibly question whether they want to go through this process at all,” said Attorney Cohen. “It would be prudent if you do your own research so that you can help your employer understand the new rules, if need be. At the very least, you can direct him or her to the services of a professional immigration representative, who could help to navigate the process.”
LMIA-Based Work Permit Restrictions
In addition to increased LMIA requirements, there are now new time limits placed on work permits that require LMIAs. Individuals whose Canadian job offers are considered ‘low-wage’ under the new LMIA system (that is, individuals who will be paid less than the provincial median wage) will be issued work permits valid for no longer than one year in length. In addition, low-wage applications that were submitted before June 20, 2014 will not be processed. They will be returned with a refund of government processing fees. Employers are welcome to re-apply following the new rules for low-wage LMIAs.
The government has also implied that the maximum work permit length for ‘high-wage’ workers, who are paid a salary that meets or exceeds provincial median wages, will also be reduced. It has been reported that the maximum length will be cut to two years, although this has yet to be formally implemented.
Options remain in place to renew work permits that are set to expire, as well as to transition from temporary worker status to permanent resident status.
“For many individuals, coming to Canada as a foreign worker is a first step towards becoming a Canadian Permanent Resident or even a Canadian Citizen,” said Attorney David Cohen. “However, since work permits will now be issued for shorter lengths of time, foreign workers hoping to make that transition must plan out how they will apply for permanent residency as soon as possible.”
Moratorium Lifted for Food Service Work Permits
On April 24, 2014, the government announced a moratorium on LMIA and work permit issuances for certain occupations in the food services sector. As of June 20, this moratorium has been lifted and workers in the food sector may once again apply for work authorization.
LMIA-Exempt Work Permits
Work permits that do not require LMIA approval are now known as ‘International Mobility Programs’.
Certain work permits are LMIA-exempt but remain tied to a specific employer. These sorts of permits most commonly pertain to individuals applying under the NAFTA Program and the Intra-Company Transfer Program.
Currently, individuals are able to apply for their LMIA-exempt work permit once they obtain a job offer from a Canadian employer. In the future (date unknown), Canadian employers will be required to submit their job offers for approval to Citizenship and Immigration Canada before the foreign worker can apply for the work permit. Employers will be required to pay a $230 processing fee to have their job offer evaluated.
The foreign worker must still pay the standard $155 work permit application fee when submitting an application.
Open Work Permit Fees
In the future (date unknown), recipients of Open Work Permits will be required to pay a $100 ‘privilege fee’ in addition to the standard application fee of $155. Individuals who are eligible for open work permits include the spouses of foreign workers and students in Canada as well as participants in certain work exchange programs.
All new fees will help to cover government services such as work permit processing and employer compliance inspections.
Working in Canada Today
It is important to note that individuals who are currently in Canada on a work permit will not see any changes made to their current permits. However, any requests to renew or extend their work permits will be subject to the new rules.
Workers entering Canada under the new rules should be aware that a number of provisions have been put in place to make sure employers treat their foreign employees fairly. Those who have found in be non-compliant could be blacklisted from hiring abroad and be forced to pay fines of up to $100,000. These new standards have the potential to provide greater protection to foreign workers and to cut down on exploitation by employers.
As before, there are a number of options for foreign workers to transition from temporary to permanent residency. These include the Canadian Experience Class, Quebec Experience Class, Federal Skilled Worker Program, Quebec Skilled Worker Program, and a range of Provincial Nominee Programs.
The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is a highly popular route to Canadian Permanent Residency. Applicants to the program with specific, proven skills can come to Canada to live and work. To be eligible, applicants must have one-year full-time or equivalent part-time work experience in the past 10 years in one of 50 eligible occupations. A maximum of 25,000 applications will be accepted for review, with a cap of 1000 for each individual occupation, and they are filling up quickly. Click here to view the current number of applications received by the government for each of the 50 eligible occupations.
All successful applicants are selected based upon the need for their skills in the Canadian labour market, and their likelihood of becoming economically established in Canada. Workers who come to Canada through the program have a high chance of finding high-paying jobs in their field, and settling in Canada quickly.
In the last edition of CIC News, we profiled 25 of the 50 eligible occupations for the FSWP. Listed below are the remaining 25 eligible occupations and their National Occupation Codes (NOC):
1. Software Engineers and Designers (NOC 2173)
Job Description: Software engineers and designers research, design, and develop software applications, technical environments, embedded software, information warehouses, and telecommunications software.
Average Salary: $58,041 per year
- Software Design Engineer
- Software Testing Engineer
- Telecommunications Software Engineer
2. Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers (NOC 2174)
Job Description: Computer programmers write, modify, and test computer code for different computer and software applications. Interactive media developers write, modify, and test computer code for film, computer games, Internet applications, and other interactive media.
Average Salary: $65,000 – $75,000 per year
- Multimedia Developer
- Software Developer
- Systems Programmer
3. Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2232)
Job Description: Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians provide technical support and services. They may also work independently in different mechanical engineering fields such as developing, testing, and maintaining different types of machines.
Average Salary: $50,600 per year
- Mechanical Engineering Technician
- Mechanical Technologist
- Tool Designer
4. Construction Estimators (NOC 2234)
Job Description: Construction estimators analyze costs of and prepare estimates on civil engineering, architectural, structural, electrical, and mechanical construction projects.
Average Salary: $52,530 per year
- Chief Estimator – Construction
- Cost Estimator – Construction
- Quantity Surveyor – Construction
5. Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2241)
Job Description: Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians design, develop and test electrical and electronic equipment and systems.
Average Salary: $64,191 per year
- Communications Technologist
- Electrical Engineering Technologist
- Electronics Engineering Technician
6. Industrial Instrument Technicians and Mechanics (NOC 2243)
Job Description: Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics repair, maintain and install industrial measuring and controlling instrumentation.
Average Salary: $66,000 – $95,000 per year
- Industrial Instrument Mechanic
- Instrument Technician, Industrial
- Apprentice Industrial Instrument Mechanic
7. Inspectors in Public and Environmental Health and Occupational Health and Safety (NOC 2263)
Job Description: Inspectors in this group evaluate and monitor safety hazards and develop strategies to control risks in the workplace. They inspect workplaces to ensure that they have met government health standards.
Average Salary: $53,000 – $66,000 per year
- Environmental Health Officer
- Health and Safety Officer
- Public Health Inspector
8. Computer Network Technicians (NOC 2281)
Job Description: Computer network technicians operate, maintain, and co-ordinate the use of computer networks and equipment.
Average Salary: $42,730 per year
- Computer Network Technician
- Network Administrator
- System Administrator
9. Nursing Co-ordinators and Supervisors (NOC 3011)
Job Description: Workers in this field co-ordinate and supervise the activities of registered nursing personnel in the provision of patient care.
Average Salary: $81,362 per year
- Nursing Care Co-ordinator
- Nursing Supervisor
- Psychiatric Nursing Supervisor
10. Registered Nurses and Registered Psychiatric Nurses (NOC 3012)
Job Description: Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses provide direct nursing care to patients, and deliver health care programs and consultation services relevant to nursing.
Average Salary: $29.77 per hour
- Clinical Nurse
- Registered Psychiatric Nurse (R.P.N.)
- Nursing Consultant
11. Specialist Physicians (NOC 3111)
Job Description: This group includes specialist physicians in clinical medicine, in laboratory medicine and in surgery.
Average Salary: $186,018 per year
- General Pathologist
- General Surgeon
12. General Practitioners and Family Physicians (NOC 3112)
Job Description: General practitioners and family physicians diagnose and treat the diseases and injuries of their patients. They provide their patients with direct contact and continuous care.
Average Salary: $117,951 per year
- Family Physician
- General Practitioner (GP)
- Medical Doctor
13. Dietitians and Nutritionists (NOC 3132)
Job Description: Dieticians and nutritionists plan, oversee and apply nutrition and food service programs.
Average Salary: $65,000 – $75,000 per year
- Nutrition Specialist
- Public Health Dietitian
- Research Dietitian
14. Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists (NOC 3141)
Job Description: Audiologists diagnose, evaluate and treat patients with hearing loss and balance problems. Speech language pathologists diagnose, evaluate and treat human communication disorders.
Average Salary: $75,000 – $85,000 per year
- Clinical Audiologist
- Research Audiologist
- Educational Speech-Language Pathologist
15. Physiotherapists (NOC 3142)
Job Description: Physiotherapists plan and carry out programs designed to maintain, improve or restore the physical functions of their patients, as well as to relieve pain and prevent injury in their patients.
Average Salary: $35.05 per hour
- Physical Therapist
- Research Physiotherapist
16. Occupational Therapists (NOC 3143)
Job Description: Occupational therapists develop individual and group programs with people affected by illness, injury, emotional disorders or psychological problems to maintain, restore or increase their ability to care for themselves and to engage in work, school or leisure.
Average Salary: $58,949
- Clinical Occupational Therapist
- Community Occupational Therapist
- Occupational Therapy Rehabilitation Consultant
17. Respiratory Therapists, Clinical Perfusionists, and Cardiopulmonary Technologists (NOC 3214)
Job Description: Respiratory therapists assist physicians in the diagnosis, treatment and care of patients with respiratory and cardiopulmonary disorders. Clinical perfusionists provide technical support to patients undergoing cardiac surgery and patients requiring cardiorespiratory support. Cardiopulmonary Technologists assist physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases.
Average Salary: $29.39 per hour
- Cardiopulmonary Technologist
- Registered Respiratory Therapist
- Clinical Perfusionist
18. Medical Radiation Technologists (NOC 3215)
Job Description: This group includes technologists who operate radiographic and radiation therapy equipment to perform radiation treatment and produce images of body structures to diagnose injury and disease.
Average Salary: $29.37 per hour
- Radiation Oncology Technologist
- Radiation Therapist
- Clinical Instructor, Radiation Therapy
19. Medical Sonographers (NOC 3216)
Job Description: Medical sonographers operate ultrasound equipment to produce and record images of different parts of the body to aid physicians in monitoring various parts of the body.
Average Salary: $65,000 – $75,000 per year
- Ultrasound Technologist
- Medical Sonographer
- Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
20. Licensed Practical Nurses (NOC 3233)
Job Description: Licensed practical nurses provide nursing care usually under the direction of medical practitioners, registered nurses, or other health team members.
Average Salary: $23.96 per hour
- Graduate Nursing Assistant
- Licensed Practical Nurse
- Registered Nursing Assistant
21. Paramedical Occupations (NOC 3234)
Job Description: This group includes workers who provide pre-hospital emergency medical care to patients with injuries or medical illnesses and transport them to hospitals or other medical facilities for further care.
Average Salary: $50,000 – $60,000 per year
- Ambulance Attendant
- Emergency Medical Technician
22. University Professors and Lecturers (NOC 4011)
Job Description: University professors and lecturers teach courses to undergraduate and graduate students and conduct research at universities.
Average Salary: $115,513 per year
- Associate Professor, Linguistics
- English Professor, University
- Professor of Medicine, University
23. Psychologists (NOC 4151)
Job Description: Psychologists assess behavioural, cognitive and emotional disorders, and provide counsel and therapy for their patients. Additionally, they conduct research relating to behaviour and mental process.
Average Salary: $70,076 per year
- Clinical Psychologist
- Experimental Psychologist
- Research Psychologist
24. Early Childhood Educators and Assitants (NOC 4214)
Job Description: Early childhood educators and assistants provide care for infants and pre-school-aged children. They lead children in activities to stimulate and develop their physical, intellectual and emotional growth and ensure their security and well-being.
Average Salary: $14.70 per hour
- Daycare Supervisor
- Child Care Worker Assistant
- Preschool Helper
25. Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters (NOC 5125)
Job Description: Translators translate written material from one language to another. Interpreters translate oral communication from one language to another during speeches, meetings, debates, and hearings. Terminologists research to define terms in a certain field, and find their equivalent in other languages.
Average Salary: $50,356 per year
- Conference Interpreter
- Medical Terminologist
As of January 1st, 2015, the Government of Canada will be transitioning to a new immigration selection system known as Express Entry. As such, this will be applicants’ last chance to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program in its current form.
|DSC_5097 – Reflections of Canada (Photo credit: archer10 (Dennis))|
The Federal Skilled Worker Program is one of Canada’s most popular avenues to permanent residency. Through the program, applicants with specific, proven skills can come to Canada to live and work. Applicants to the program must have one year full-time or equivalent part-time work experience in the past 10 years, and in one of 50 eligible occupations. A maximum of 25,000 applications will be accepted for review, with a cap of 1000 for each individual occupation. Click here to view the current number of applications received by the government for each of the 50 eligible occupations.
All chosen applicants are selected based upon the need for their skills in the Canadian labour market, and their likelihood of becoming economically established in Canada. Workers who come to Canada through the program have a high chance of finding well-paying jobs in their field, and integrating into Canada quickly.
Listed below are 25 of the most popular eligible occupations and their National Occupation Codes (NOC):
1. Senior Managers – financial, communications, and other business services. (NOC 0013)
Job Description: Senior managers in these sectors are responsible for developing and establishing company objectives and policies, as well as managing the senior or executive management team of their employer.
Average Salary: $200,000 – $220,000 per year
- Bank President
- Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Telephone Company
- President, Advertising Agency
2. Senior Managers – trade, broadcasting, and other services. (NOC 0015)
Job Description: Senior managers in these sectors are in charge of planning, organizing, directing and evaluating management teams in broadcasting and media services, wholesale trade, retail services, and other sectors.
Average Salary: $205,000 per year
- Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Travel Agency
- Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Professional Sports Club
- General Manager, Cleaning Service
3. Financial Managers (NOC 0111)
Job Description: Financial managers are responsible for organizing and controlling financial and accounting departments. They are also in charge of creating financial policies and systems for their employers.
Average Salary: $75,492 per year
- Controller, Financial Services
- Finance Director
- Director of Accounting
4. Human Resource Managers (NOC 0112)
Job Description: Human resource managers are responsible for organizing and controlling the operations of human resource and personnel departments. They are also responsible for developing policies and procedures, and maintaining relations between management and employees.
Average Salary: $65,964 per year
- Administrator, Human Resources
- Manager, Industrial Relations
- Manager, Staff Relations
5. Purchasing Managers (NOC 0113)
Job Description: Purchasing managers are responsible for organizing and controlling the activities of the purchasing department of their employing company.
Average Salary: $65,050 per year
- Contract Manager
- Food Purchasing Manager
- Material Manager
6. Insurance, Real Estate, and Financial Brokerage Managers (NOC 0121)
Job Description: Insurance, real estate, and financial brokerage managers are responsible for organizing and controlling the activities of departments or establishments that provide insurance, mortgage, real estate, and investment services.
Average Salary: $92,819 per year
- Bond Sales Manager
- Mortgage Broker Manager
- Commodities Trading Manager
7. Managers in Health Care (NOC 0311)
Job Description: Managers in health care are responsible for overseeing the delivery of health care services within institutions that provide health care.
Average Salary: $87,360
- Director of Surgery
- Director of Dietetics
- Director of Physiotherapy
8. Construction Managers (NOC 0711)
Job Description: Construction managers oversee all activities of a construction company or department, under the direction of a general or senior manager.
Average Salary: $83,761 per year
- Commercial Construction Manager
- Construction Superintendent
- General Contractor
9. Home Building and Renovation Managers (NOC 0712)
Job Description: Home building and renovation managers own, operate, and manage companies that build new residential homes. Residential home renovators own, operate, and manage companies that renovate existing residential homes.
Average Salary: $43,261 per year
- Contractor, Home Renovation
- Home Builder
- Home Renovator
10. Managers in Natural Resources Production and Fishing (NOC 0811)
Job Description: This occupation group includes managers who organize and control the operations of establishments in forestry and logging, mining and quarrying, oil and gas drilling, production and servicing operations, and commercial fishing.
Average Salary: $110,240 per year
- Director of Mining
- Manager, Drilling Operations
- Manager, Oil Well Servicing
11. Manufacturing Managers (NOC 0911)
Job Description: Manufacturing managers organize and control the operations of a manufacturing establishment or of a production department within a manufacturing establishment.
Average Salary: $66,738 per year
- Automobile Production Manager
- Dairy Plant Manager
- Printing Plant Manager
12. Financial Auditors and Accountants (NOC 1111)
Job Description: Financial auditors analyze and examine the financial and accounting records of their employers to ensure that they have complied with standard accounting procedures. Accountants plan, organize and control accounting systems for their employers.
Average Salary: $87,280 per year
- Income Tax Expert
- Internal Auditor
13. Financial and Investment Analysts (NOC 1112)
Job Description: Financial and investment analysts collect and analyze financial information to provide financial and investing advice for their employers.
Average Salary: $57,634 per year
- Chartered Financial Analyst
- Money Market Analyst
- Portfolio Manager
14. Securities Agents, Investment Dealers and Brokers (NOC 1113)
Job Description: Securities agents and investment dealers buy and sell stocks, bonds, and other securities for individual investors, and establishments such as banks and insurance firms. Brokers buy and sell stocks, bonds and other securities at stock exchanges on behalf of investment dealers.
Average Salary: $163,782 per year
- Bond Dealer
- Discount Broker
- Investment Dealer
15. Other Financial Officers (NOC 1114)
Job Description: This group includes occupations in finance that are not grouped elsewhere, such as financial planners, financial examiners and inspectors, and mortgage brokers.
Average Salary: $50,000 – $70,000 per year
- Account Manager
- Financial Planner
- Trust Officer
16. Professional Occupations in Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations (NOC 1123)
Job Description: This group includes occupations that organize and control the activities of establishments involved in different types of sales, marketing, advertising, and public relations.
Average Salary: $66,000 – $95,000
- Advertising Consultant
- Communications Officer
- Event Marketing Specialist
17. Supervisors, Finance and Insurance Clerks (NOC 1212)
Job Description: Supervisors in this field supervise and co-ordinate the activities of workers in accounting, payroll, customer service, financial services, banking and insurance.
Average Salary: $44,000 – $53,000 per year
- Accounts Payable Supervisor
- Bank Clerks Supervisor
- Credit Supervisor
18. Property Administrators (NOC 1224)
Job Description: Property administrators manage and rent property and real estate on behalf of property owners.
Average Salary: $39,587 per year
- Housing Project Manager
- Apartment Rental Agent
- Property Rentals Manager
19. Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists (NOC 2113)
Job Description: Geologists, geochemists and geophysicists conduct research and exploration programs to learn more about the earth’s composition, as well as to find and use the earth’s natural resources. Additionally, they implement programs to assess and reduce the effects of development and waste disposal projects on the environment.
Average Salary: $95,000 – $125,000 per year
- Development Geologist
20. Civil Engineers (NOC 2131)
Job Description: Civil engineers are responsible for planning, designing and developing projects for the construction or repair of roads, bridges, tunnels, and other public infrastructure. They may also specialize in building and structural inspection and municipal planning.
Average Salary: $61,150 per year
- Bridge Engineer
- Highway Engineer
- Sanitation Engineer
21. Mechanical Engineers (NOC 2132)
Job Description: Mechanical Engineers research, design and develop different types of machinery. They also perform duties related to the installation, operation and maintenance of machinery.
Average Salary: $60,526 per year
- Acoustics Engineer
- Automotive Engineer
- Robotics Engineer
22. Electrical and Electronics Engineers (NOC 2133)
Job Description: Electrical and electronics engineers research, plan, design and test electronic equipment and systems.
Average Salary: $63,492 per year
- Avionics Engineer
- Television Systems Engineer
- Electrical Network Engineer
23. Petrolium Engineers (NOC 2145)
Job Description: Petroleum engineers perform studies for the exploration, development, and extraction of oil and gas deposits. They also oversee drilling projects for oil and gas wells.
Average Salary: $85,188 per year
- Drilling Engineer, Oil and Gas
- Subsea Engineer
- Reservoir Engineer, Petroleum
24. Information Systems Analysts and Consultants (NOC 2171)
Job Description: Information systems analysts and consultants conduct research, provide advice, and develop policies and plans on a wide range of information systems issues.
Average Salary: $78,626 per year
- Informatics Consultant
- Systems Consultant
- IT (Information Technology) Consultant
25. Database Analysts and Data Administrators (NOC 2172)
Job Description: Database analysts design, develop and administer data management solutions using data management software. Data administrators develop data administration policy and standards.
Average Salary: $58,000 – $65,000 per year
- Database Architect
- Data Custodian
- Data Warehouse Analyst
“The Federal Skilled Worker Program is a great option for skilled individuals seeking permanent residency in Canada,” said Attorney David Cohen. “Its open diverse nature is a reflection of Canadian values; many different types of people from across the globe have found their path to Canada through the program.”