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New Economic Immigration System: Express Entry

  • Starting January 2015: Express Entry

The New Two-Step Application Process

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How Express Entry Will Work

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Moving from the old system…

  • Recruitment of global talent at employer time and expense
  • Difficult to navigate the immigration system due to multiple players
  • First applicant in, first to be processed
  • Average of 12-14 months to process an application

… to Express Entry

  • Government of Canada, provinces and territories (P/Ts) and Employers will have a direct role in economic immigration
  • New and improved Job Bank will connect Canadian employers with a comprehensive pool of candidates if they can’t find Canadians or permanent residents to do the job
  • Express Entry candidates with a valid job offer or P/T nomination will quickly be invited to apply for permanent residence
  • CIC will be able to select candidates that are most likely to succeed in Canada, rather than the first in line
  • Express Entry candidates will benefit from processing times of six months or less Footnote2

Step 1: Express Entry profile

  • Potential candidates will submit an online Express Entry profile.
  • They will be assessed according to a skills based ranking system that looks at:
    • Language proficiency
    • Education
    • Canadian work experience
    • Other factors that lead to success in Canada
  • At this stage, skills will be self-declared based on appropriate test results.
  • Candidates who meet the criteria of one of the federal economic immigration programs subject to Express Entry will be placed in the Express Entry pool.
  • Candidates will need to promote themselves:
    • Registration with Job Bank will be required
    • They will be encouraged to signal their presence in the Express Entry pool to recruiters, on private sector job boards  etc.

Step 2: Invitation to Apply (ITA)

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When an employer offers a job to a candidate:

  • They will quickly be offered an ITA for permanent residence (PR);
  • Express Entry candidates will benefit from processing times of six months or lessFootnote2.
  • Candidates with an ITA will have 60 days to apply for permanent residence through one of four existing economic immigration programs:
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
    • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)Footnote3
  • Applicants will need to meet the criteria set out in the immigration program which applies to them

Provinces and Territories = Key Partners

  1. Provincial and territorial (P/T) nominations will continue and grow under the new system.
  2. P/Ts will be able to nominate candidates who meet their unique regional labour market needs.
  3. When an Express Entry candidate is identified through a PNP, they can be handpicked and quickly invited to apply for permanent residence.
  4. CIC will process applications in six months or less.Footnote2


  • The changes to economic immigration will benefit employers by:
    • Making it easier to find the candidates they need to fill available positions
    • Linking LMIA and Job Bank will simplify employer’s LMIA advertising requirements
    • Allowing for greater flexibility
    • Eliminating backlogs and introducing 6-month processing timesFootnote2

Next Steps:

  • The modernized Job Bank will be launched in late 2014 for Canadian citizens and permanent residents.
  • The Express Entry system will be launched in January 2015.
    • At that time, the modernized Job Bank will be accessible to Express Entry candidates.
  • CIC will continue to engage employers after launch to get feedback on the system and work on continuous improvements.

The new Canada immigration system: this is how it works

From January 2015 Canada will apply the Express Entry system

From January next year Canada will transform its immigration policy. Where those interested in migration to Canada would currently select one of the many streams to submit an application, from next year onwards there will be one list to be sure to put your name on.
The new system has been named the Express Entry, indicating the aim of the Canadian government to actively recruit, assess and select skilled immigrants. The list will function as a job bank, where the government as well as employers will be able to select the candidates that are most likely to succeed.
Selected candidates will be invited to apply through three of Canada’s existing economic immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class.
Some of the Provincial Nominee Programs will also be open for selected candidates of the Express Entry list, while other provincial programs will continue to exist on its own.
The new system is believed to lead to reduced processing times, with the majority of applications processed within 6 months.
With the launch date approaching, a lot of questions about the new system still remain. However, little by little the process is starting to become clearer. Here is what we know so far.
The first step: putting your name on the list
The first step towards migration to Canada under the new system will be to create an Express Entry profile. Applicants will have to provide information about their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other details.
Once on the list, applicants will be ranked against each other. Although the criteria for gaining points has not been made clear, a successful candidate has been described as ‘those who deem to have the best chance of economic success’.
When the applicant has a valid job offer the invitation to apply for permanent residency is guaranteed. A job offer can be obtained once an employer has expressed interest in hiring a particular candidate. To increase the chances of being matched, applicants can submit their file on the Government of Canada’s Job Bank.
What comes next?
Once the profile has been made the applicant will have to wait, while the government or province is assessing the many candidates. If no invitation has been after 12 months of being on the list, the applicant should submit a new application. If successful, the candidate will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residency.
When an invitation to apply has been sent, the applicant has 60 days to apply for permanent residency under one of the three programs, or listed provincial nominee programs.
The Federal Skilled Worker Program is currently the most popular program and will continue to exist. This program selects qualified skilled applicants from across the world based on factors like their education, work experience, language proficiency.
On the contrary, the Federal Skilled Trades Program targets those applicants that are valuable for their practical skills rather than educational credentials. This program was launched beginning 2013 and will be available for candidates selected by the Express Entry system.
The third program that will remain available is the Canadian Experience Class. This program was created for individuals who already gained skilled work experience in Canada.
Almost all provinces offer Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), accepting applicants based on the labour demand in that province. Provinces will choose to list some of these programs under the Express Entry system. In any regard, assessing the opportunities in the provinces is recommended, because a job offer will enable the applicant to apply for residency, also when the program was not under the Express Entry list.
Although most of these programs currently have occupation lists and intake caps, the Express Entry system is said to have neither of these thresholds. It is unclear what the existing programs will look like once the new system is in place.
What are the changes?
One of the most prominent programs that will be discontinued is the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), which currently aims to help workers come to Canada to fill jobs in sectors where the local workforce does not provide with the required expertise. These workers come to Canada on a temporary basis, and are able to apply for permanent residency under one of the existing programs when in the country.
The temporary nature of a job position will be no more, made the government clear. Whereas employers will still be able to select employees based on their needs, these employees will come to Canada as fulltime residents and without uncertainty, was the argument.
Furthermore, law firms have applauded the abolishment of the occupation list and intake cap, arguing that it is now free for anybody to apply regardless of the profession executed or time of application. However, as a counter argument it has been stressed that this principle itself is likely to lead to uncertainty, as applicants can do little more than waiting for an invitation to apply.
With 5 more months to go before the system is in place, applicants still have the chance to be assessed under the current criteria, as the application will be reviewed based on the criteria that were in place when the application was submitted.
Source: http://www.emirates247.com/news/the-new-canada-immigration-system-this-is-how-it-works-2014-07-31-1.558037
(Image courtesy www.shutterstock.com)
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